SHOULDER TITLES
This site displays examples of historic uniform and kit that were worn by Members of the North West Mounted Police (NWMP),
the Royal North West Mounted Police (RNWMP) and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP).
Artefacts displayed on this site are held by various private collections.
This site is not affiliated with, nor sanctioned by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, or its wife
.

All rights reserved. © 2010-2018 Ottawa CANADA
CURATOR:
rcmp.collector@gmail.com
Regimental badges first appeared on uniforms of the North-West Mounted Police (NWMP) as early as 1876, although they were not commonplace until the turn of the 20th century.

The principal elements on the early badges can still be seen today – a buffalo or bison head facing frontwise; the motto (
Maintiens Le Droit); maple leaves; a riband with the name of the Force; and a crown at the top of the badge over the word CANADA.

The name of The Force changed from North-West Mounted Police to Royal Northwest Mounted Police in June 1904 and then to Royal Canadian Mounted Police in February 1920. The crown on the badge has also changed from time to time to respect the wishes of the reigning monarch. The St. Edward’s crown was adopted for use on NWMP badges, primarily those worn by officers. Through the reigns of Edward VII to George VI (1903-52), the Tudor crown adorned Mounted Police badges. Upon the coronation of Elizabeth II, the badge was redesigned to include the St. Edward’s crown again.

The precise reason why the bison head was chosen for the badge has never been determined. It is believed that a bull’s head was first utilized because it was a feature on the crest of the Macleods of Dunvegan, the clan of Commissioner James F. Macleod. Artistic license and the passage of time may have served to alter the image from that of a bull to a bison. This is entirely appropriate because of the close association of the Mounted Police with the grasslands of the western prairies where Members depended on the buffalo for food and clothing.
1873 -1904
NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE
1904 -1920
ROYAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE
1920 -1953
ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE
UNIFORMS & EQUIPMENT
1953 - present
ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Gendarmerie du royale Canada
Regimental Badge
1940
1955
1974
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1868 -1920
DOMINION POLICE of CANADA
The Dominion Police was originally a small protective force organized by the federal government in 1868 to guard the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa following the assassination of Thomas D'Arcy McGee. It also provided bodyguards for government leaders and operated an intelligence service whose agents infiltrated the Fenian Brotherhood. Later the Dominion Police assumed responsibility for protecting naval dockyards at Halifax and Esquimalt (1911), the national fingerprint bureau (1911), the parole service and the enforcement of laws relating to counterfeitingand white slavery. During WWI its duties were expanded to co-ordinate the efforts of police and security agencies in Canada to enforce the provisions of the War Measures Act. On 1 February 1920 the Dominion Police was absorbed by the RCMP.
1858-1950
British Columbia Provincial Police
1917 -1932
Alberta Provincial Police
1870 -1932
Manitoba Provincial Police
PROVINCIAL POLICE BADGES
Police Services Absorbed by the RCMP
1927 -1932
New Brunswick Provincial Police
1935 -1950
Newfoundland Rangers
Constable with helmet and helmet plate.
Officers forage cap badge.
Numbered pocket badge.